Communication non verbale et avatars au sein d'une communauté virtuelle

Abstract : This article focuses on theoretical issues new communicational terms offered by devices such as " virtual worlds or universes ." In these recent devices, it is possible for the user of a virtual community to navigate and communicate remotely in a metaphorical space environment. The user then has 3D object and a representation of itself in the form of a character which is commonly called the "avatar" . It is here for us to reflect on the ethical, social and communicative consequences of materialization in three dimensions of the user in a virtual space. This space then sets up a situation of communication in which the representation is omnipresent. In epistemological terms , we situate this research object at the crossroads of a new approach to communication type ( Winkin , 2001) , and semiotic analysis of sensorimotor and pragmatic social mediations ( Peraya , 2007). To clarify our thinking , we deliver to the reader the results of an experiment conducted in a virtual community of learners ( Bonfils , 2007). Through the manipulation of his avatar , we show how each member of the community uses non-verbal communication and tends to participate in the relational dynamics and the construction of a collective social bond. We show that through a gradual ritualized movements and interactions of avatars (Goffman, 1973; Lardellier , 2003) , virtual space appears as a symbolic place and proxemics communication (Hall, 1971).
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Philippe Bonfils. Communication non verbale et avatars au sein d'une communauté virtuelle. Quaderni, Éditions de la Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2010, pp.115-128. ⟨hal-00973529⟩

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