One-dimensional modeling of piping flow erosion

Abstract : A process called "piping", which often occurs in water-retaining structures (earth-dams, dykes, levees), involving the formation and progression of a continuous tunnel between the upstream and downstream sides, is one of the main cause of structure failure. Starting with the diphasic flow volume equations and the jump equations including the erosion processes, a simplified one-dimensional model for two-phase piping flow erosion was developed. The numerical simulation based on constant input and output pressures showed that the particle concentration can be a significant factor at the very beginning of the process, resulting in the enlargement of the hole at the exit. However, it was concluded that this influence is a secondary factor: the dilute flow assumption, which considerably simplifies the description, is relevant here.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 15, 2014 - 11:46:14 AM
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Damien Lachouette, Frederic Golay, Stéphane Bonelli. One-dimensional modeling of piping flow erosion. Comptes Rendus Mécanique, Elsevier Masson, 2008, 336 (9), pp.731-736. ⟨10.1016/j.crme.2008.06.007⟩. ⟨hal-00979078⟩

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