Modelling exchange kinetics of copper at the water-aquatic moss (Fontinalis antipyretica) interface: Influence of water cationic composition (Ca, Mg, Na and pH)

Abstract : a b s t r a c t The present study investigated the effect of water cationic composition (Ca, Mg, Na, pH) on the bioaccu-mulation and elimination rates of copper by an aquatic moss (Fontinalis antipyretica), under laboratory conditions. For this purpose, mosses were exposed to copper at an environmentally relevant and usually non-toxic concentration (5 lg L À1) in natural waters where cationic composition and concentrations were varied. To describe copper bioaccumulation by aquatic mosses, a two-compartment model was the first-order kinetics, was developed and calibrated under a wide range of water cationic composition. Bioaccumula-tion rates of Cu in mosses were significantly reduced as the concentrations of competitive cations in solu-tion increased. Hence, in hard-water, Ca and Mg cations play a protective role as they compete with Cu 2+ ions for the absorption on transport sites at the organism–water interface. Based on the relationships between each major cation concentration and the exchange kinetics on mosses, the binding constants (K C i BL) of each competing cations to the biological surfaces were derived. Using the present cationic-dependant kinetic model, it is now feasible to incorporate water cationic composition in the (re)interpre-tation of bryophytes contamination levels and in the (re)definition of Water Quality Criteria (WQC) as illustrated through two selected examples of biomonitoring programmes. In the framework of future national water quality guidelines revisions, a such flexible and mechanistic biomonitoring tool (integrat-ing the protective effects of competing cations) may greatly improve the ability of regulators to derive site-specific Cu (metal) guidelines for protecting aquatic biota, while limiting the use of conservative assumptions.
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Daniel Ferreira, Philippe Ciffroy, Marie-Hélène Tusseau-Vuillemin, Cédric Garnier, Jean-Marie Garnier. Modelling exchange kinetics of copper at the water-aquatic moss (Fontinalis antipyretica) interface: Influence of water cationic composition (Ca, Mg, Na and pH). Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2009, 74, pp.1117-1124. 〈10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.10.031〉. 〈hal-01096830〉

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