Si marqueur d’altérité énonciative dans les si P extraprédicatives non conditionnelles

Abstract : Michèle Monte deals with the use of si in non conditional dependant clauses. Based on a big corpus (press and essays), our research distinguishes three categories of si P clauses : topical clauses in which Q explains P, concessive ones in which Q limits P, and comparative ones where Q is compared with P. We explain these uses of si – which are not so marginal as it could seem – by the value of si in the system : we definite si as a morpheme that puts the allocutor in front of a choice he is invited to make although the context and the clause position already show the locutor's preference. In a second part we show how the dialogism works in each category : anticipating a counter-argument, bringing into use arguments belonging to the interdiscourse, resuming the locutor's speech (auto-reformulation). In a third part we insist on the argumentative interest of si in contexts where the locutor wants the interlocutor to think it is himself who validates the si P content. Thanks to its value in the system, si allows to benefit from elements belonging to the context while giving the idea their validation is still in doubt.
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https://hal-univ-tln.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01490454
Contributor : Michèle Monte <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 15, 2017 - 1:35:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 17, 2018 - 1:32:01 PM

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Michèle Monte. Si marqueur d’altérité énonciative dans les si P extraprédicatives non conditionnelles . Langue française, Armand Colin, 2009, Dialogisme et marqueurs grammaticaux, pp.99-119. ⟨10.3917/lf.163.0099 ⟩. ⟨hal-01490454⟩

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