Microwave-Mediated Synthesis of Bulky Lanthanide Porphyrin–Phthalocyanine Triple-Deckers: Electrochemical and Magnetic Properties

Abstract : Five heteroleptic lanthanide porphyrin−bis-phthalocyanine triple-decker complexes with bulky peripheral groups were prepared via microwave-assisted synthesis and characterized in terms of their spectroscopic, electrochemical, and magnetic properties. These compounds, which were easily obtained under our preparative conditions, would normally not be accessible in large quantities using conventional synthetic methods, as a result of the low yield resulting from steric congestion of bulky groups on the periphery of the phthalocyanine and porphyrin ligands. The electrochemically investigated triple-decker derivatives undergo four reversible one-electron oxidations and three reversible one-electron reductions. The sites of oxidation and reduction were assigned on the basis of redox potentials and UV−vis spectral changes during electron-transfer processes monitored by thin-layer spectroelectrochemistry, in conjunction with assignments of electronic absorption bands of the neutral compounds. Magnetic susceptibility measurements on two derivatives containing Tb III and Dy III metal ions reveal the presence of ferromagnetic interactions, probably resulting from magnetic dipolar interactions. The Tb III derivative shows SMM behavior under an applied field of 0.1 T, where the direct and Orbach process can be determined, resulting in an energy barrier of U eff = 132.0 K. However, Cole−Cole plots reveal the presence of two relaxation processes, the second of which takes place at higher frequencies, with the data conforming to a 1/t ∝ T 7 relation, thus suggesting that it can be assigned to a Raman process. Attempts were made to form two-dimensional (2D) self-assembled networks on a highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) surface but were unsuccessful due to bulky peripheral groups on the two Pc macrocycles.
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Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2017, 56 (9), pp.4864-4873. 〈10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b03056〉
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Hong-Guang Jin, Xiaoqin Jiang, Irina A. Kühne, Sylvain Clair, Valérie Monnier, et al.. Microwave-Mediated Synthesis of Bulky Lanthanide Porphyrin–Phthalocyanine Triple-Deckers: Electrochemical and Magnetic Properties. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2017, 56 (9), pp.4864-4873. 〈10.1021/acs.inorgchem.6b03056〉. 〈hal-01683276〉

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