Analyse biomécanique et simulation du mouvement de préhension : application aux mouvements altérés

Abstract : Prehension and upper-limb movements are of paramount importance in the repertoire of goal directed movements. As such, they are associated to a wide range of applications in biomechanics, rehabilitation, computer assisted ergonomics, robotics or animation. Moreover, their study and simulation in different populations such as young, middle aged, and elderly people or persons that suffer from a pathology allow to gain insight into human movement control and motor redundancy. The presented researches concern both fields. More precisely the tools of biomechanics, robotics and neural networks have been used to: •Propose human movement and posture simulation tools based on motor control principles that integrate learning and intra-individual variability, •Better understand the human motricity and coordination of able bodied subjects as well as persons with a motor deficiency. The methodology is based on the use global biomechanical indices that characterize the whole upper-limb degrees of freedom implication.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 16, 2015 - 1:20:15 PM
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Nasser Rezzoug. Analyse biomécanique et simulation du mouvement de préhension : application aux mouvements altérés. Biomécanique [physics.med-ph]. Université de Toulon, 2014. ⟨tel-01102053v2⟩

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