L'exposé des motifs : un discours d’autorité Le cas des lois françaises de 2003, 2010 et 2014 sur les retraites

Abstract : In French Law, the explanatory memorandum accompanying a bill shall “state in a simple and clear manner the grounds for submitting the bill to the Parliament, the spirit from which it stems, its goals, as well as the modifications to existing legislation it entails”. This paper examines the explanatory memoranda to the Pensions Acts of 2003, 2010 and 2014 in a view to determine the linguistic features that give such institutional texts an authoritative value without prejudice to the real effect on members of Parliament. We first explore the discursive behavior which governs this explanatory but also inherently argumentative type of discourse, owing to a frame and lexical choice that present the bill as the only possible solution to the ‘imbalance’ of pension systems. We then show how this aspect is supported by the enunciative effacement typical of the studied texts and by a use of modality (alethic, deontic) and future tense which strengthen the evidential value and perlocutionary goal, resulting in the parliamentary debate being textually evacuated from the legislative process.
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https://hal-univ-tln.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01237320
Contributor : Michèle Monte <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 3, 2015 - 10:33:23 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 5, 2018 - 11:34:03 AM

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Michèle Monte, Emilie Devriendt. L'exposé des motifs : un discours d’autorité Le cas des lois françaises de 2003, 2010 et 2014 sur les retraites. Mots: les langages du politique, ENS Éditions (Lyon), 2015, Les discours d'autorité : des discours sans éclat(s) ?. ⟨hal-01237320⟩

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