Contribution of interaction torques during dart throwing: Differences between novices and experts

Abstract : We examined if experts and novices show different utilization of the torque components impulses during dart throwing. Participants threw darts continuously at a dartboard aiming for the centre (target bull’s eye). The upper-limb joint torque impulses were obtained through inverse dynamics with anthropometric and motion capture data as input. Depending on the joint degree of freedom (DOF) and movement phase (acceleration and follow-through), three main strategies of net torque (NET) impulse generation through joint muscle (MUS) and interaction (INT) torque impulses were highlighted. Firstly, our results showed that the elbow flexion–extension DOF leads the movement according to the joint leading hypothesis. Then, considering the acceleration phase, the analysis revealed differences in torque impulse decomposition between expert and novices. For the glenohumeral (GH) joint abduction–adduction and for wrist flexion, the INT torque impulse contributed positively to NET joint torque impulse in the group of experts unlike novices. This allowed to lower the necessary MUS torque impulse at these DOFs. Also, GH axial rotation was actively controlled by muscle torque impulse in the group of experts. During the follow-through, the experts used the INT torque impulse more proficiently than novices to break the elbow extension. The comparison between experts and novices through inverse dynamics document the link between the exploitation of interaction torques impulses and expertise in dart throwing for which the main objective is precision rather than velocity.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 16, 2019 - 2:00:05 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 17, 2019 - 1:27:48 AM

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Nasser Rezzoug, Clint Hansen, Philippe Gorce, Brice Isableu. Contribution of interaction torques during dart throwing: Differences between novices and experts. Human Movement Science, Elsevier, 2018, 57, pp.258-266. ⟨10.1016/j.humov.2017.09.004⟩. ⟨hal-02317846⟩

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